“The editor should be an extension of your hand; make sure your editor is configurable, extensible, and programmable.” — The Pragmatic Programmer
At the many jobs I have had, colleagues often glanced over my shoulder and said; “Oh, Emacs … Yeah I used that ages ago when I was working on UNIX …“, often they remember it fondly, sometimes for all the quirky keyboard shortcuts. Very few know that it is still being actively developed.
Emacs can be quite counter intuitive and sometimes even an outright pain to use. I find it a shame that still today, after (literally) decades there are no sane defaults. Once, when I was still forced to use Windows, I saw a setup wizard in Win32-Emacs that resembled what I would like to have — a sort of use cases possible to chose from. It may have been some extension that was maintained in some non-official version, because now when I look for it I cannot find it. But why not have a setup wizard in the upstream distribution of Emacs as well?
Well, this is my gripe, the pieces of Emacs that are still unfriendly to users, and mostly new users, coming from Windows or MAC. I will use this blog to present ideas and small things I have done to make Emacs more user friendly. I call this Enterprise Emacs.
Many of the following, really obvious, settings are today available in a menu called “Options”, some are still buried deep within the scriptable innards and go by unfamiliar names.
;; Enterprise Emacs -- save this as your ~/.emacs ; Scrollbar on the *right*, or none (use 'nil for none) (set-scroll-bar-mode 'right) ; A visible marked region (transient-mark-mode t) ; Marking text with shift + arrow keys (pc-selection-mode t) (delete-selection-mode t) ; Syntax highlighting (global-font-lock-mode t) ; A cursor that blinks so I can find it (blink-cursor-mode t) ; A status line displaying both line *and column* of my cursor (column-number-mode t) ; Continue at the file and position where I left off when I closed Emacs (desktop-save-mode t)
In the coming months I will present some useful tips from my bag of tricks. Including, but not limited to:
- Auto-adjust as you type
- Auto-spell as you type, text and code
- Auto-complete words and function/method names
- A solution to: “Where the h-ll is that function?”
- Debugging from inside Emacs, like an IDE!
- Windows-like marking, with Ctrl-x, Ctrl-v and Ctrl-v
Plus the usual Emacs features that users of Microsoft products may not have ever known. To mention a few: complete indentation engine, with several predefined indentation modes. Built-in calculator (converts between bases!)
The first tip is Emacs-23 with (grab on to something!) anti-aliasing of fonts! Yes, it’s still an experimental feature, and if you did not already know this, “experimental” in free/open source is often quite stable. I have used it daily for >6 months and it has crashed on me only once.
Start off by installing it and discover the Options menu. Then return to this blog and I will have the next installment ready.