HowTo: Build & Use My Projects

Ever so often someone new to Open Source show up on GitHub or in my inbox. It usually starts something like this:

  • “Hey, I just downloaded your software, what’s next?"
  • “Your crappy software doesn’t work on my system!!!!"
  • “How can I do that weird-thing that fits my odd use-case?"

This HowTo is for you.

0. Short Version

  • Download the versioned archive from the project’s Releases page
  • Extract archive and change to its directory
  • ./configure --help, or just
  • ./configure && make && sudo make install

Some projects of mine are available in Debian/Ubuntu/FreeBSD, if you use that, please report bugs to them and not me. I have no control over what they do.

Cheers
/Joachim

1. I don’t owe you free support

Just because the software is published for free, and often without any restrictions1 on use, doesn’t mean I must provide you with any support.

If you use my software packaged by a 3rd party, e.g., Debian, FreeBSD, or similar, please report the bug/problem to them first. They become first line support when publishing my work.

2. Use released software, not GIT sources please

There are some important caveats to consider if you’re new to Open Source software:

  • Released software is stable software, use versioned tarballs/zip files
  • Software in GIT may be missing important files/scripts
  • Software in GIT, even on the master branch, may be unstable/unfinished

When I release software on GitHub I first do a “tag”, then build the release from that tag. This results in artifacts such as an archive in the form of a tarball, or zipfile, with a version in the name.

GitHub has the bad habit of automatically creating archives for a “tag”, don’t use those. They typically miss important files.

Released archives, in most of my projects, include a configure script, which usually is not available in raw GIT.

Please note

Every project on GitHub has a Releases Page, e.g.

https://github.com/troglobit/finit/releases

Unless you want to contribute to the project, use released software!

3. Some assembly required

Pun intended, but don’t worry I don’t use any assembly language in my software. It’s more like building furniture from IKEA.

As mentioned previously, and for reasons between different operating systems, as well as to facilitate cross-compilation to embedded targets (biggest audience by far!), most of my projects include a configure script. This script is generated at release time and is not available from GIT sources.

From the project release page, download the versioned archive (means it has a version number in the name and ends in tar/zip) which includes the configure script, extract the archive, run the configure script and then run make.

Other requirements is a C compiler (I’m old so that’s still my jam) and the header files and .a file(s) for the C library in you system. Some of my projects also have other requirements, see the README file or the output from a failing configure script for details.

Example

wget https://github.com/troglobit/ssdp-responder/releases/download/v1.7/ssdp-responder-1.7.tar.gz
tar xf ssdp-responder-1.7.tar.gz
cd ssdp-responder-1.7/
./configure
make

When that is done you have the built ssdp-scan tool and the ssdpd daemon (UNIX service) available in the src/ directory. You can now either run the programs from there, or install them on your system using:

make install

This installs them into the default prefix /usr/local, which you can change by supplying a different prefix path to the configure script. See ./configure --help for details.

4. Building from GIT

I always recommend users to run released software. However, sometimes new features are not released yet, or (new) users want to try out the latest upcoming software.

  1. In 95% of the cases you need autoconf and automake. Sometimes you also need (GNU) libtool, sometimes more tools are required, see the README for each project for details.
  2. Usually I never put generated files under version control. This means configure et al is not available in GIT.

To generate configure, for projects that use the GNU Configure & Build system, run.

./autogen.sh

When refreshing your git clone with git pull, you may have to run the autogen.sh script again, but most of the time make handles this for you.

5. A note on paths

With configure everything is about --prefix. Everything is derived from that path, which traditionally defaults to /usr/local. A few of the default directories are listed here:

prefix        = /usr/local           # default, use --prefix=/foo
sysconfdir    = $prefix/etc
datadir       = $prefix/share
docdir        = $datadir/doc/PACKAGE
localstatedir = $prefix/var
runstatedir   = $localstatedir/run   # only in recent autoconf versions

All of the above (except $runstatedir, depending on autoconf version) are possible to override from the configure script. For details, see the usage text with:

./configure --help

Most, if not all, of my projects use these directories also in the binary/daemon. E.g., $runstatedir (or equivalent) is used for PID files and .sock files.


  1. see the file LICENSE or COPYING included with the software. ↩︎